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NAMEstrtol, strtoll, strtoq - convert a string to a long integer
#include <stdlib.h> long int strtol(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base); long long int strtoll(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);
DESCRIPTIONThe fBstrtol()fP function converts the initial part of the string in fInptrfP to a long integer value according to the given fIbasefP, which must be between 2 and 36 inclusive, or be the special value 0.
The string must begin with an arbitrary amount of white space (as determined by isspace(3)) followed by a single optional `+' or `-' sign. If fIbasefP is zero or 16, the string may then include a `0x' prefix, and the number will be read in base 16; otherwise, a zero fIbasefP is taken as 10 (decimal) unless the next character is `0', in which case it is taken as 8 (octal).
The remainder of the string is converted to a long int value in the obvious manner, stopping at the first character which is not a valid digit in the given base. (In bases above 10, the letter `A' in either upper or lower case represents 10, `B' represents 11, and so forth, with `Z' representing 35.)
If fIendptrfP is not NULL, fBstrtol()fP stores the address of the first invalid character in fI*endptrfP. If there were no digits at all, fBstrtol()fP stores the original value of fInptrfP in fI*endptrfP (and returns 0). In particular, if fI*nptrfP is not ` ' but fI**endptrfP is ` ' on return, the entire string is valid.
The strtoll() function works just like the strtol() function but returns a long long integer value.
RETURN VALUEThe fBstrtol()fP function returns the result of the conversion, unless the value would underflow or overflow. If an underflow occurs, fBstrtol()fP returns LONG_MIN. If an overflow occurs, fBstrtol()fP returns LONG_MAX. In both cases, fIerrnofP is set to ERANGE. Precisely the same holds for strtoll() (with LLONG_MIN and LLONG_MAX instead of LONG_MIN and LONG_MAX).
NOTESIn locales other than the "C" locale, also other strings may be accepted. (For example, the thousands separator of the current locale may be supported.)
BSD also has
quad_t strtoq(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);with completely analogous definition. Depending on the wordsize of the current architecture, this may be equivalent to strtoll() or to strtol().
CONFORMING TOstrtol() conforms to SVID 3, BSD 4.3, ISO 9899 (C99) and POSIX, and strtoll() to ISO 9899 (C99) and POSIX 1003.1-2001.
SEE ALSOatof(3), atoi(3), atol(3), strtod(3), strtoul(3)