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Manpage of LOCKFILE

LOCKFILE

Index
 

NAME

flockfile, ftrylockfile, funlockfile - lock FILE for stdio  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h>

void flockfile(FILE *filehandle);

int ftrylockfile(FILE *filehandle);
void funlockfile(FILE *filehandle);
 

DESCRIPTION

The stdio functions are thread-safe. This is achieved by assigning to each FILE object a lockcount and (if the lockcount is nonzero) an owning thread. For each library call, these functions wait until the FILE object is no longer locked by a different thread, then lock it, do the requested I/O, and unlock the object again.

(Note: this locking has nothing to do with the file locking done by functions like flock(2) and lockf(3).)

All this is invisible to the C-programmer, but there may be two reasons to wish for more detailed control. On the one hand, maybe a series of I/O actions by one thread belongs together, and should not be interrupted by the I/O of some other thread. On the other hand, maybe the locking overhead should be avoided for greater efficiency.

To this end, a thread can explicitly lock the FILE object, then do its series of I/O actions, then unlock. This prevents other threads from coming in between. If the reason for doing this was to achieve greater efficiency, one does the I/O with the non-locking versions of the stdio functions: with fIgetc_unlockedfP() and fIputc_unlockedfP() instead of fIgetcfP() and fIputcfP().

The fBflockfile()fP function waits for *fIfilehandlefP to be no longer locked by a different thread, then makes the current thread owner of *fIfilehandlefP, and increments the lockcount.

The fBfunlockfile()fP function decrements the lock count.

The fBftrylockfile()fP function is a non-blocking version of fBflockfile()fP. It does nothing in case some other thread owns *fIfilehandlefP, and it obtains ownership and increments the lockcount otherwise.  

RETURN VALUE

The fBftrylockfile()fP function returns zero for success (the lock was obtained), and nonzero for failure.  

ERRORS

None.  

AVAILABILITY

These functions are available when _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS is defined. They are in libc since libc 5.1.1 and in glibc since glibc 2.0.  

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1  

SEE ALSO

unlocked_stdio(3)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
AVAILABILITY
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO