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Manpage of BIND

BIND

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NAME

bind - bind a name to a socket  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

int bind(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *my_addr, socklen_t addrlen);  

DESCRIPTION

bind gives the socket sockfd the local address my_addr. my_addr is addrlen bytes long. Traditionally, this is called (lqassigning a name to a socket.(rq When a socket is created with socket(2), it exists in a name space (address family) but has no name assigned.

It is normally necessary to assign a local address using bind before a SOCK_STREAM socket may receive connections (see accept(2)).

The rules used in name binding vary between address families. Consult the manual entries in Section 7 for detailed information. For AF_INET see ip(7), for AF_UNIX see unix(7), for AF_APPLETALK see ddp(7), for AF_PACKET see packet(7), for AF_X25 see x25(7) and for AF_NETLINK see netlink(7).

 

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EBADF
sockfd is not a valid descriptor.
EINVAL
The socket is already bound to an address. This may change in the future: see linux/unix/sock.c for details.
EACCES
The address is protected, and the user is not the super-user.
ENOTSOCK
Argument is a descriptor for a file, not a socket.

The following errors are specific to UNIX domain (AF_UNIX) sockets:

EINVAL
The addrlen is wrong, or the socket was not in the AF_UNIX family.
EROFS
The socket inode would reside on a read-only file system.
EFAULT
my_addr points outside the user's accessible address space.
ENAMETOOLONG
my_addr is too long.
ENOENT
The file does not exist.
ENOMEM
Insufficient kernel memory was available.
ENOTDIR
A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
EACCES
Search permission is denied on a component of the path prefix.
ELOOP
Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving my_addr.
 

BUGS

The transparent proxy options are not described.  

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, 4.4BSD (the bind function first appeared in BSD 4.2). SVr4 documents additional EADDRNOTAVAIL, EADDRINUSE, and ENOSR general error conditions, and additional EIO and EISDIR Unix-domain error conditions.  

NOTE

The third argument of bind is in reality an int (and this is what BSD 4.* and libc4 and libc5 have). Some POSIX confusion resulted in the present socklen_t. See also accept(2).  

SEE ALSO

accept(2), connect(2), listen(2), socket(2), getsockname(2), ip(7), socket(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
BUGS
CONFORMING TO
NOTE
SEE ALSO